Tuesday, 25 December 2012

Democracy or Autocracy: Recent Development in the Literature

Athenian ancient Greek democracy 

In early 19th century, democracy started to developed and spread from its origin in Western Europe, which was the center of international politics during that time, to many countries in the world, especially Southern America which is rich in natural resources and oil deposits. However, the advent of democracy cannot be taken for granted as it is a complicated struggle for equality and power among different classes in a society of a particular country. The Western European countries had met different political outcomes in their paths of transformation to a new regime such as democracy, authoritarianism, and fascism due to their mixed characters of their developmental experience. For example, France had become a liberal democracy while its neighbor, Germany, had ended up in Fascism in the interwar period of World War I and World War II.