Saturday, 26 May 2012

Determinants of Political Development

From the sixteenth century to the twentieth century, the world had witnessed significant changes in both political and socio-economic structures through peaceful and violent struggles. However, not every country had experienced the same path of transformations into a new regime due to difference in historical sequences, social and economic base, geo-politics, and supports from different classes of society. Some countries such as England, France, China, and Japan, had managed to transform from agrarian society into modern states by adopting different paths of transformation. Currently, the issue of Arab Spring, which has originated in Tunisia and now is ongoing in some Middle East countries, has been drawing many attentions from politicians and scholars on violent political transitions to real democracy of those countries, especially in Egypt and Libya. Furthermore, Myanmar or Burma has surprised the world by its own peaceful transformation into democratic government during the universal election in 2011 and by-election in early April 2012. Interestingly, civilian control of government has been declared but the role of the military behind the government is still skeptical by international community. Furthermore, with the intervention of UN from 1991-93, Cambodia is also an example of peaceful transformation into electoral democracy which pave the  way for stable peace and national reconstruction after three decades of chaos and civil wars. This article will take some discussion on the way of transformations of a regime and inauguration of a new regime and provide comparative views among those countries.

Wednesday, 9 May 2012

ASEAN's Core Role in the Building of An East Asian Community

The official launching of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Negotiation (RCEP) at the sidelines of the 7th East Asia Summit on 20 November 2012 in Cambodia

ASEAN Global Dialoge on 20 November 2012 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia  

The idea of East Asian regionalism is not new. The initiative was first originated from some countries in East Asia. In the early 1990s, Malaysia under the leadership of former Prime Minister Mahathir also proposed an East Asian Economic Caucus for economic cooperation among East Asian countries. After the Asian financial crisis, regional integration began to take shape, such as ASEAN+3 Process in 1997 and the first East Asia Summit in 2005. So far, Regional integration in East Asia and the Asia-Pacific are seen through several regional mechanisms such as ASEAN+3 Summit, East Asia Summit, ASEAN Regional Forum, ADMM Plus (ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting with its eight Dialogue Partners such as South Korea, China, Japan, India, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, and United States), and Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).