Monday, 31 October 2011

Why Leadership is Important?


King Suryavarman II, the builder of Angkor Wat, the biggest religious stone monument structure in the world.



King Suryavarman II had taken greatest effort in his life after taking the throne to build the great Angkor Wat. It took 37 years to complete the construction of the temple.




An excellent leadership is required for every organization that wishes to achieve its bigger goals. Combined with the strong support from employees or team members, leadership is vital for growth, stability and harmony in an organization, especially through the period of changes and difficulties. The establishment of leadership philosophy is the first thing to do before we lead and motivate our team in order to obtain common objectives. A meaningful and achievable vision, continuous improvement, managing change successfully and respect for diversity are the significant leadership philosophy to help developing an organization or even a country.

Monday, 17 October 2011

The 21st Anniversary of the Paris Peace Agreement: Cambodia and the Road to Stable Peace


Photo: Former King Sihanouk raised hands with Prime Minister Hun Sen in Phnom Penh in 1991 after the signing of the Paris Peace Agreement. I still remember this historic moment when I was a school boy, who was sent, a long with all pupils and students, to greet the two leaders in front of the Ministry of National Defense. Currently, even Cambodia now has enjoyed a stable peace and a rapid economic development, the process of peacebuilding is still ongoing along with the recent functioning of Extraordinary Chamber in Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) or UN-backed Khmer Rouge Tribunal.



UN-backed Khmer Rouge Tribunal in Cambodia.  The ECCC, so far, has finished the case of 001 (the trial of Duch, head of Tuol Sleng Prison or S21), now continues to Case 002. Recently, the UN and the public are skeptical of Cambodian government's inteference in the office of the co-investigating judges of this court regarding the case of 003 and 004.


I.                   Introduction

On January 7, 1979, Khmer Rouge regime was ousted from Phnom Penh to the jungle by Vietnamese armed forces who accompanied by the Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (KUFNS). Then, the People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) was established and took control most part of Cambodia.  However, civil wars still continued, especially along the Cambodia-Thailand border, in which the batlles took place among the four factions, the PRK based in Phnom Penh, Khmer Rouge, the National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia (FUNCINPEC), and the Khmer People’s National Liberation Front (KPNLF). After the complete withdrawal of Vietnamese force from Cambodia in 1989, peacemaking process was launched in full scale with help of the United States of America, France, Japan, United Nations, and Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN), especially Indonesia. The four Cambodian factions agreed to end civil war and signed the Paris Peace Agreement on October 23, 1991, which invited United Nation Transnational Authority for Cambodia (UNTAC) to come to organize and supervise a national election in 1993.

Thursday, 13 October 2011

Outlook of Japan's Foreign Policy Under Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ)


Japanese Prime Minister, Yoshihiko Noda, met U.S.'s President, Barrack Obama at the United Nations.


The rising Yen is a major problem for Japan's export. How to deal with the main challenges of Japan's economy are still the priority of the new Administration.  

Recently, the axis of power and economic growth has shifted to Asia, espcially China, Japan, South Korea, and ASEAN countries. In late 2010, with a double-digit growth annually, China has surpassed Japan to become the Second world economic power. However, Japan is still a country casting the sphere of influence, in term of regional cooperation and integration. Since the 1990s, Japan has made considerable contribution to the international community through its active foreign policies and commitment. As, now, the third world economic power, Japan is also a major regional power in East Asia and continues to play significant role in contributing peace, stability, and prosperity in the region and in the world. For example, Japan-US Alliance and South Korea-US alliance have maintained peace and stability in East Asia in facing with regional security challenge, especially North Korea’s nuclear threat. In development issue, Japan is a major donor country in providing Official Development Assistance (ODA) to least developed countries in the world, especially ASEAN countries.

Monday, 3 October 2011

Cambodia's Economic Development and International Assistances


Prime Minister Hun Sen (left) shakes hand with his Chinese Counterpart. China, the main economic development partner for Cambodia?


(Prime Minister Hun Sen delivered his speech at the 4th Cambodia Economic Forum in Feb 2011). Cambodia has to heavily invest in human resource development and to diversify its narrow industrial base (clothing, tourism, construction, and agriculture) if it wants to secure its high-growth potential in the long-run economic development.




For the last ten year from 2000-2009, Cambodia’s economic development is quite remarkable with a high GDP growth rate and macroeconomic stability. This remarkable achievement has been contributed by peace and stability, good governance, economic reform, and international development assistance. After the signing of Paris Peace Agreement in 1991 and UNTAC-supervised election in 1993, large amount of international development assistance has been provided to Cambodia for national reconstruction and rehabilitation, especially on socio-economic development. Among major donor countries to Cambodia, Japan is the largest donor, constituting a substantial amount of ODA for Cambodia. As of 2006, Japan’s ODA, including loans, grant aids, and technical assistance has amounted to nearly 1.8 billion USD for Cambodia alone (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, 2010). So, a robust economic development in Cambodia has been strongly supported by this large amount of money pouring into development of all sectors of Cambodia’s economy, especially in economic infrastructure development, such as renovation of roads, ports, construction of bridges, dams and irrigation systems etc. Although the current poverty rate is still high, Cambodia’s development by Japanese ODA can be a good example for other war-torn countries, especially the Sub-Saharan Africa.