Thursday, 21 January 2016

តួនាទីស្នូលអាស៊ានក្នុងសហគមន៌អាស៊ីបូព៌ា និងនយោបាយការបរទេសកម្ពុជាក្នុងអាស៊ាន​





(សៀវភៅនេះមានលក់នៅបណ្ណាគារអន្តរជាតិ (IBC) បណ្ណាគារអង្គរ បណ្ណាគារអង្គរធំ តូបសៀវភៅកាច់ជ្រុងវត្តលង្ការ និងតូបលេខ៨ ក្រោយវិទ្យាល័យស៊ីសុវត្ថិ)។

សង្ខេបសៀវភៅៈ
អាស៊ាន ត្រូវបានេគេទទួលស្គាល់ថាជាអង្គការតំបន់ដែលជោគជ័យជាងគេនាពេលបច្ចុប្បន្ន។ តើដោយសារមូលហេតុអ្វី? នោះគឺដោយសារតួនាទីស្នូលអាស៊ាន (ASEAN Centrality) ដែលមានធាតុផ្សំសំខាន់ពីរ គឺវិធីអាស៊ាន (ASEAN Way) និងយុទ្ធសាស្រ្តតុល្យភាពអំណាច (balance of power) ដែលប្រទេសអាស៊ានបានប្រើជាយូរមកហើយ ដើម្បីរក្សាសាមគ្គីភាព ទំនុកចិត្តគ្នាទៅវិញទៅមករវាងប្រទេសជាសមាជិក និងរារាំងមិនឲ្យមានអនុត្តរភាពរបស់ប្រទេសមហាអំណាចណាមួយនៅក្នុងតំបន់នេះបានទេ។

Wednesday, 23 September 2015

The Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea: A Cambodian Initiative for Maintaining Peace and Stability



September 24, 2015

China’s massive land reclamations in the South China Sea were a hot topic for discussion at the recent ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting in Kuala Lumpur in early August. The annual gathering of ASEAN FMs also noted a significant progress in negotiations between ASEAN and China, which agreed to proceed to the next stage of consultations and negotiate the structure and key elements of the proposed Code of Conduct in the South China Sea (COC). While regional analysts and international media applauded this progress, there was also harsh criticism of Cambodia when the country for the second time served as ASEAN Chair in 2012.

Saturday, 27 June 2015

គុណសម្បត្តិបីចំនុចរបស់សេចក្តីប្រកាសនៃក្រមប្រតិបត្តិរបស់ភាគីនៅសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូង (DOC)



ផែនទីសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូង

កិច្ចប្រជុំកំពូលអាស៊ានលើកទី២៦​ដែលបានបញ្ចប់ទៅនាពេលថ្មីៗនេះ​ ក្នុងខែមេសា​ ឆ្នាំ ២០១៥​ នៅទីក្រុងគូទ្បាលំពួរ និងទ្បាំងកាវី ប្រទេសម៉ាទ្បេស៊ី បានបង្ហាញនូវជំហរព្រួយបារម្ភពីការការបូមចាក់បំពេញដីទ្រង់ទ្រាយធំ ដែលចិនកំពុងធ្វើនៅក្នុងតំបន់ប្រជុំកោះស្ព្រាតលី នៃសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូង​ ដែលអាចនាំអោយមានភាពថយចុះនៃទំនុកចិត្ត និងការជឿជាក់រវាងអាស៊ាន និងចិន ហើយក៏អាចធ្វើអោយប៉ះពាល់ដល់សន្តិភាព សន្តិសុខ និងស្ថិរភាពនៃសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូងផងដែរ។ ​បណ្តាមេដឹកនាំ និងអ្នកការទូតអាស៊ានក៏បានកត់សម្គាល់ ផងដែរពីគម្លាតកាន់តែធំទៅៗរវាងកិច្ចខិតខំផ្នែការទូត និងការពិតជាក់ស្តែងដែលកំពុងកើតមានក្នុងតំបន់ជម្លោះនែសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូង។​

Wednesday, 20 May 2015

កម្ពុជាជាប្រធានអាស៊ាន ក្នុងឆ្នាំ​២០១២ និងសមិទ្ធិផលសំរេចបាន





បញ្ហាសមុទ្រចិនខាងត្បូងបានក្លាយជាផ្នែកមួយនៃចំណងជើងកាសែត និងទស្សនាវដ្តីល្បីៗ ទូទាំងពិភពលោកជាញឹកញាប់ក្នុងឆ្នាំ២០១២ ប៉ុន្តែតាមពិតទៅ នៅមានបញ្ហាជាអាទិភាពជាច្រើនទៀតសម្រាប់កម្ពុជា ដែលជាប្រធានប្តូវេនរបស់អាស៊ាន ដែលក្នុងនោះកម្ពុជាបានដោះស្រាយដោយជោគជ័យ ហើយគេមិនគួរមើលរំលងសមិទ្ធិផលទាំងអស់នោះ​ទ្បើយ។

Wednesday, 24 December 2014

តើអាស៊ានអាចរក្សាភាពជាអ្នកដឹកនាំក្នុងសហគមន៍អាស៊ីបូព៌ាបានដោយរបេៀបណា?



Courtesy Photo of the 25th ASEAN Summit, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar 


ទោះបីជាអាស៊ានជាស្នូល​  នៃសមាហរណកម្មតំបន់និយម​ក្នុងអាស៊ីបូព៌ាក៏ដោយ  ASEAN central​ity (តួនាទីស្នូលរបស់អាស៊ាន)​ ស្តិតក្រោមសម្ពាធនៃដំណើរការនេះ។​​​ អាស៊ានអាចនឹងចុះខ្សោយក្រោមដំណើការបំលែងនៃការកសាងស្ថាប័នរបស់ស្ថាបត្យកម្មតំបន់​ ដែលកំពុងវិវត្តន៍​ ​(សហគមន៍អាស៊ីបូព៌ា)  ដូចជាអាស៊ានបូកបី​ កិច្ចប្រជុំកំពូលអាស៊ីបូព៌ា​ វេទិកាតំបន់អាស៊ាន​ និងកិច្ចប្រជុំរដ្ឋមន្ត្រីការពារ​ប្រទេសអាស៊ានបូក​ជាដើម  ។ល។​

Sunday, 14 September 2014

Formulating Cambodia's Foreign Policy Grand Strategy



Gala Dinner in the occasion of the 21st ASEAN Summit and Related Summit on 19 November 2012, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia 

The glory of Khmer empire, from 9th century to 15th century, and Agkor Wat temple are Cambodia’s national pride. At that time, the Khmer Empire, currently Cambodia, had been a major power in Southeast Asian region in terms of military might, diplomacy, and trade. Unfortunately, this did not last long. The collapse of the empire combined with internal conflicts has brought a dark period for Cambodia’s history. Today, it has been perceived as a war-torn country, which was plagued by civil wars, landmines, and foreign interventions. However, the end of civil war opens a new golden chapter for Cambodia in the 21st century to pursue its national core interests, especially stability, sovereignty, economic development, and image building. After successful national reconciliation and regional integration, Cambodia is now well on its way to becoming a lower middle-income country with annual GDP growth rate of around 7 percent.


Tuesday, 4 March 2014

Cambodia: Challenges of Democratic Consolidation



The two leaders from CPP and CNRP had a meeting on 16 September 2013. 

The political crisis caused by Arab Spring in some countries in the Middle East, civil war in Syria, the recent political unrest in Ukraine, and turmoil in Thalaind, could serve as an obvious example of unwanted consequences of drastic political change for other countries to avoid.

Thursday, 28 November 2013

The Importance of Civil Society in Democratization Process



Civil society groups often make their peaceful rally in front of Royal Palace, Phnom Penh, Cambodia 

As Western Europe and North America are enjoying a satisfactory level of civil society, some post-communist countries and most African countries have little progress or even regression in civil society development. Civil society is a significant component of democracy, apart from rule of law and separation of power. Democracy is meaningful when there is a strong civil society, which have strong participation in the socio-economic development, political decision-making process, and implementation of constitutions and other laws of a country.

Wednesday, 17 July 2013

Four Grand Scenarios of ASEAN



ASEAN Foreign Ministers posed for picture with ASEAN way style. Photo credit: Reuters 

Although recent years have seen a rise in new regional architecture which has ASEAN as the fulcrum, it is still uncertain that this regional organization could remain in the driver seat of East Asian Regionalism without certain annual effort to ensure its centrality. Where is ASEAN going right now?  In 2012, there were many problems pressured on Cambodia, ASEAN Chair. In contrast, Brunei, as Chair this year, seems to get helm of ASEAN very smoothly without much pressure while the influx of issues is still the same as in 2012 such as the South China Sea dispute, Sabah conflict in Northern Part of Malaysia, ethnic violence in Myanmar, trans-boundary haze problem in Singapore and Malaysia, and Indonesia, and so on. It seems that ASEAN has double standards among its own member states. Perhaps, ASEAN countries have learned a lot from a hard lesson in 2012 when the 45th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting ended without a joint communiqué. That is why ASEAN has chosen to be quiet so far. Southeast Asia is a dynamic region with the evolving geopolitical landscape with the rise of China, and the United States’ strategic rebalancing. Four scenarios are worth considering for ASEAN:

Thursday, 28 February 2013

How Can We Achieve Consolidation of Democracy?




Prime Minister Hun Sen gave a toast with President Barack Obama at Gala Dinner during ASEAN Summit in Phnom Penh on 19 November 2012. Human right, democracy, freedom of speech were on the agenda during Obama's bilateral meeting with Cambodian Prime Minister. 


Democracy continues have its momentum into the 21st century while new democratic countries are trying to promote economic development, and strengthen rule of laws, and anti-corruption efforts, and uphold the protection and promotion of human rights, and so on. At the same time, the sense of regional integration and cooperation (G20 Summits, East Asia Summit, and the recently ASEAN-US Summit) are higher than ever for some countries in order to find better solutions to promote regional peace and stability, global economic growth, and regional economic cooperation to fight against the global financial and economic crisis, which could have consequences of political and social crises such as unemployment, violence, political turmoil, etc. All of these efforts are aimed at one common purpose to maintain political and macroeconomic stability of democratic countries so that they can avoid taking the same harmful historical path of the 20th century.